Peggy Guggenheim Collection

Peggy Guggenheim Collection

Como ya saben soy amante de los museos y este verano tuve la oportunidad de viajar por Italia y conocer diferentes lugares en los cuales pude conocer diferentes museos. El día de hoy les voy a platicar sobre el Peggy Guggenheim que está en Venecia.

Hija de Benjamin Guggenheim y Florette Seligman. El 12 de abril de 1912 su papá muere en el Titanic. En 1921 viaja a Europa y gracias a su esposo Laurence Vail, el papá de sus dos hijas Sindbad y Pegeen (que fue artista).
En 1938 decide abrir una galería de arte en Londres y decirle llamarla Guggenheim Jeune, ahí empezaba a los 39 años de edad. Su amigo Samuel Beckett le dijo que se dedicara al arte contemporáneo y Duchamp la introdujo a artistas y le enseñó la diferencia entre el arte Abstracto y el Surrealista. La primera exposición que hizo fue con obras de Jean Cocteau, y la segunda fue de Vasily Kandinsky en Inglaterra.
En 1939 Peggy tuvo la idea de abrir un “museo moderno en Londres” con su amigo Herbert Read como director; el fin del museo era que se formara de principios históricos con una lista de artistas que deberían ser representados, pero en 1939-40 cuando ya había abandonado su proyecto del museo en Londres, Peggy comenzó a comprar una pintura “al día”. Obras de Georges Braque, Salvador Dalí, Piet Mondrian y Francis Picabia se compraron en ese entonces. Impresionó a Fernand Léger cuando compró su obra de Men in the City el día que Hitler invadió Noruega. También compró Bird in Space cuando los alemanes llegaban a París y fue ahí cuando decidió salir de ahí.
En 1941, Peggy regresó a Nueva York con sus hijas, su ex esposo y Max Ernst que después se convirtió en su segundo esposo.
En 1942 Peggy abre su museo/galería “Art of this Century” diseñada por Frederick Kiesler; la galería era innovadora con mucho Surrealismo y se convirtió en una avenida de arte contemporáneo en Nueva York.
En 1947 Peggy decide regresar a Europa y su colección fue mostrada por primera vez en 1948 en “Venice Biennale” y el “Greek pavilion”. Así fue como obra de Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock y Mark Rothki fue exhibida por primera vez en Europa.
Peggy compró el “Palazzo Venier dei Leoni” en el Gran Canal de Venecia y ahí se mudó, en 1950 organiza su primera exhibición de Jackson Pollock en el “Ala Napoleónica” del Museo Correr en Venecia y en 1951 Peggy abre las puertas de su casa para que su colección se mostrara al público los meses de verano.
En 1969 el Museo Solomon R. Guggenheim en Nueva York invita a Peggy a enseñar su colección. En 1970 dona su “palazzo” y en 1976 su colección al la Fundación Solomon R. Guggenheim. Peggy muere a los 81 un 23 de diciembre de 1979 y sus cenizas se encuentran en una esquina del jardín de su museo.

Estas fotos son de las obras que más me gustaron del museo espero las disfruten como lo hice yo, y si van a Venecia se den la oportunidad de ir al museo, les va a ENCANTAR!

Birth of Liquid Desires – Salvador Dali

Peggy’s Guessing Box – Alan Davie

Painting (Peinture) – Jean Paul Riopelle

Magic Garden – Paul Klee

Eyes in the Heat – Jackson Pollock

Croaking Movement – Jackson Pollock

Color Frame Painting – Robert Mangold

Blue-Red – Ellsworth Kelly

As you can see, I’m a museum lover and this summer I had the opportunity to travel around Italy and get to know different museums. Today I’m going to talk about Peggy Guggenheim that is in Venice.

Peggy was the daughter of Benjamin Guggenheim and Florette Seligman. In April 1912 her father died heroically on the SS Titanic. In 1921 Peggy traveled to Europe. Thanks to her husband Laurence Vail (the father of her two children Sindbad and Pegeen, who was an artist). When in 1938, Peggy opened an art gallery in London, called Guggenheim Jeune, she was beginning, at 39 years old, a career which would significantly affect the course of post-war art.
Her friend Samuel Beckett urged her to dedicate herself to contemporary art as it was “a living thing,” and Duchamp introduced her to artists and taught her, as she put it, “the difference between abstract and Surrealist art.” The first show presented works by Jean Cocteau, and the second was the first one-man show of Vasily Kandinsky in England.
In 1939 Peggy conceived “the idea of opening a modern museum in London,” with her friend Herbert Read as its director. The museum was to be formed on historical principles, and a list of artists that should be represented, drawn up by Read and later revised by Marcel Duchamp and Nellie van Doesburg, was to become the basis of her collection.
In 1939-40, having abandoned her project for a museum in London, Peggy busily acquired works for her collection, keeping to her resolve to “buy a picture a day.” Some of the masterpieces, such as works by Georges Braque, Salvador Dalí, Piet Mondrian and Francis Picabia, were bought at that time. She astonished Fernand Léger by buying his Men in the City on the day that Hitler invaded Norway. She acquired Brancusi’s Bird in Space as the Germans approached Paris, and only then decided to flee the city.
In July 1941 Peggy fled Nazi-occupied France and returned to her native New York, together with Sindbad, Pegeen and Laurence Vail (and his second wife Kay Boyle and their children), and Max Ernst, who was to become her second husband a few months later.
In October 1942 Peggy opened her museum/gallery Art of This Century. Designed by the Romanian-Austrian architect Frederick Kiesler, the gallery consisted of innovative exhibition rooms and soon became the most stimulating venue for contemporary art in New York City.
One of the principal sources of this was Surrealism, which the artists encountered at Art of This Century.
In 1947 Peggy decided to return in Europe, where her collection was shown for the first time at the 1948 Venice Biennale, in the Greek pavilion. In this way the works of artists such as Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, and Mark Rothko were exhibited for the first time in Europe.
The presence of Cubist, abstract, and Surrealist art made the pavilion the most coherent survey of Modernism yet to have been presented in Italy.
Soon after, Peggy bought Palazzo Venier dei Leoni on the Grand Canal in Venice, where she came to live. In 1950 Peggy organized the first European exhibition of Jackson Pollock, in the Ala Napoleonica of the Museo Correr in Venice.
From 1951 Peggy opened her house and her collection to the public annually in the summer months.
In 1969 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York invited Peggy to show her collection there. In 1970 she donated her palazzo and in 1976 her works of art to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation.
Peggy died aged 81 on 23 December 1979. Her ashes are placed in a corner of the garden of her museum.

These pictures are the pieces of art I like the most about the museum, I hope you enjoy them as I did and if you happen to go to Venice make time to go there, I’m sure you’ll LOVE IT!

Seated Woman II – Joan Miró

Woman with Animals – Albert Gleizes

White Cross Vasily – Kandinsky

Untitled Study for Loss – Bridget Riley

Untitled – Adolph Gottlieb

Untitled – Edmondo Bacci

The Studio – Pablo Picasso

The Golden Hair Margarethe – Anselm Kiefer

Silver Bed Head – Alexander Calder

Source: http://www.guggenheim-venice.it/inglese/museum/peggy.html

Ana Gomez Gar
Hey there!! I’m Ana Gomez, student of Marketing and Communications in San Luis Potosi, México.

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